The GPAs of a sample of
Find the five number summary of the GPAs of these applicants.
Remember, a five number summary is the minimum, first quartile, median, third quartile, and maximum. In this set, those would be the
st, th, mean of the th and th, th, and th numbers, respectively.
On grid paper, create a combination histogram and boxplot. Use an interval of
on the -axis. (A combination histogram and boxplot starts with a histogram. Then place a boxplot on top of the histogram. Help with creating a boxplot is in the Math Notes box for this lesson. Use the same -axis scale for both the histogram and the boxplot.)
An example combination histogram and boxplot has been provided.
Describe the center, shape, spread, and outliers. To review descriptions of “shape,” see the Math Notes box in the next lesson. To describe “spread” use the IQR, reviewed in the Math Notes box in this lesson.
Where is the center?
Are most of the points concentrated there?
How many peaks are there?
Is the shape symmetric?
Are there any outliers?
What is the IQR?
The center is at about
The shape is single-peaked and symmetric with no apparent outliers.