  ### Home > CCA2 > Chapter 11 > Lesson 11.2.1 > Problem11-42

11-42.

The Bright Idea Lighting Company wants to determine what proportion of LED flashlights that come off of its assembly line are defective. It takes many samples of $100$ flashlights over the week and determines the proportion that are defective in each sample. The results of their tests as shown below:

 Proportion of defective flashlights in $100$ samples $0.02$ $0.04$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.05$ $0.06$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.10$ $0.10$ $0.11$ $0.11$ $0.11$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.06$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.07$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.08$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.09$ $0.11$ $0.11$ $0.12$ $0.12$ $0.13$ checksum $7.83$

1. What is the mean proportion of defective flashlights (as a percent)?

The sum of the data is $7.83$ and there are $100$ samples.

2. What are the upper and lower $5\%$ bounds of the sample-to-sample variability?

When the data is sorted, these are the $5$th and $95$th items on the list.

$0.11$ and $0.05$

3. Predict the proportion of defective flashlights (in percent) in the whole population and give the margin of error.

There is a $6\%$ different in the upper and lower bounds, therefore we predict $7.83\%\pm3\%$ of the flashlights will be defective.