Olivia loves playing putt-putt golf. In putt-putt golf you do not swing at a golf ball, but rather you only putt the golf ball (tap the ball with a club so that it rolls into a hole). Olivia experimented with her new club to determine whether or not she played better with it. Each time before she putted a golf ball, Olivia flipped a coin to determine whether she would use her new club or the old one. She experimented on 80 putts. With the new club, Olivia made 25% of the 40 putts, while with the old one, she made only 15% of the 40 putts. Using the steps below, help Olivia decide whether or not her new golf club is really better, or if this difference can be explained by sample-to-sample variability. Homework Help ✎
What is the difference in the proportions (new club minus old club)? Express your answer as a decimal.
Olivia needs a computer simulation to determine the sample-to-sample variability:
Out of the 80 putts, how many went into the hole?
A model of this situation needs to represent 80 putts. What will the numbers 1 to 16 represent? What will the numbers 17 to 80 represent?
Conduct one simulation of 80 putts. What proportion of the putts in your simulation went into the hole? What proportion did not go into the hole? What is the difference in the proportion (proportion that went into the hole minus proportion that did not go in)?
Olivia ran the simulation 50 times and calculated the difference in the proportion of putts that went into the hole and those that did not go into the hole for each simulation. From her results, she predicted the true difference in proportion of all her putts was 0.10 ± 0.146.
What does a difference of zero mean in the context of this problem? Is a difference of zero a plausible result considering your margin of error?
Are you convinced that there is a true difference between the new club and the old club?
25% − 15%
(25% of 40) + (15% of 40)
16 out of Olivia's 80 putts went in the hole.
Using a graphing calculator, randlnt(0,1,80). 0 = a miss
The margin of error is from 0.10 − 0.146 to 0.10 + 0.146.
Is 0 within the margin of error?
Look at your answer to part (c).
The difference in the two clubs is within the margin of error.
What does this indicate?