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3-46.

Decide whether each of the following pairs of expressions or equations are equivalent. If they are, show how you can be sure. If they are not, justify your reasoning completely. Homework Help ✎

  1. and

    Simplify the first expression.

    Substitute some numbers for and to confirm the algebraic manipulations you used are correct.

    The first expression is equivalent to the second expression.

  2. and

    Rewrite the first equation in y = form.

    Substitute some numbers for a and b to confirm the algebraic manipulations you used are correct.

    The first equation is equivalent to the second equation.

  3. and

    See part (b).

    Substitute some numbers for x and y to confirm the algebraic manipulations you used are correct.

    The first equation is equivalent to the second equation.

  4. and

    Remember, means to square the quantity . You can use a generic rectangle to help you.

    Substitute some numbers for a and b to confirm the algebraic manipulations you used are correct. Remember to be careful about using only 0 and 1. They can work and not work in very specific cases, often worth mentioning.

    The first expression is NOT equivalent to the second expression.

  5. and

    Are these expressions equal for every value of x?

    This is an example of a place to investigate how using 0 gives a different result than other numbers.

    The expressions are NOT equivalent except when x = 0.

  6. and

    Simplify the first equation.