Write the first and second derivatives of each function. Use these derivatives to test for maxima and minima in the given interval. Remember to check the endpoints. Homework Help ✎
Since this is an OPEN interval, you are checking for LOCAL maxima and minima only.
You can use the 1st- or the 2nd-Derivative Test.
No matter which test you choose, your first step will be to find extrema CANDIDATES by determining where y' = 0 AND where y' = DNE.
1st-Derivative Test: Check values to the left and the right of each candidate.
2nd-Derivative Test: Evaluate each candidate in the 2nd-derivative.
There is a local minimum at
But recall that a local min or max is a y-value, not an x-value.
Since this is a CLOSED interval, you are checking for both LOCAL and GLOBAL maxima and minima.
Find the local maxima and minima. (Refer to the hints in part (a) for guidance.)
Note: These are also global candidates.
Find the global max and min by evaluating the y-value of each candidate.
The highest y-value is the global maximum.
The lowest y-value is the global minimum.
It is very important to consider candidates where
Recall that a derivative will not exist at a cusp, endpoint, jump, hole or vertical tangent.
SO CONSIDER THE ENDPOINTS AS CANDIDATES.