In order to mail a letter in the United States, postage must be paid based on the weight of the letter. Although rates are tied to the number of ounces, the U. S. Post Office does not allow for payments of partial ounces. For example, if your letter weighs 6.1 ounces, you must pay for 7 ounces.
A graph showing the postage rates for letters weighing fewer than five ounces for the year 2009 is shown below. This is another example of a step function. Homework Help ✎
How much would you pay for a letter weighing 2.9 ounces? For 3 ounces? For 3.1 ounces?
Write a piecewise function that determines the postage rates for letters weighing between 0 and 5 ounces. Let x represent ounces, and y represent cost.
This piecewise function has five steps (or pieces). Look closely at the Boundary Points between pieces: x = 1 oz, x = 2 oz, x = 3 oz, x = 4 oz, etc. Will you pay a higher or lower rate if your item weighed exactly any of those amounts?
Notice that this piecewise function consists of five horizontal pieces. Recall that a horizontal line is of the form y = k, where k is a constant. Also, consider the boundary points: will ≤ or ≥ be appropriate?