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The denominator does not cancel out. That means that there will be a 0 in the denominator when we evaluate at x = −3, so the limit does not exist.

Graphically, there will be a vertical asymptote at x = −3. That is why we are asked to find the limit from the right: we want to know if the graph approaches the asymptote towards +∞ or −∞.

So evaluate a value that is to the right of −3, and see if you get a positive or negative answer.

Therefore, from the right, the graph of

approaches the vertical asymptote towards −∞


This is a limit →∞. Think end behavior. Compare the highest power on the top and bottom. Be sure to consider their coefficients.

Think: The function is y = π. That is a horizontal line. All y-values are π.