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 Consider the two similar solids at right.

6 cubes such that the first row has two cubes with a cube on top of each for a total of 4 cubes. The last two cubes are in the second and third rows under the second cube in the first row.

8 cubes arranged in a 2 by 4 rectangular solid with 3 more sets of the same stacked on top of the first creating a solid of 32 cubes. Another 2 more sets, stacked on top of the other, are joined to the first such that the 2 by 2 side of the second is joined on the lower right of the 4 by 4 side of the first solid.

Refresh your memory about linear scale factors by re-reading the Math Notes box in Lesson 2.1.2 and in Lesson 11.1.3.

For help finding the surface area and volume of a solid, see the Math Notes box in Lesson 10.3.1.

  1. What is the linear scale factor between the two solids?

  2. What is the surface area of each solid? What is the ratio of the surface areas? How is this ratio related to the linear
    scale factor?

    The surface area can be found by counting or calculating the number of unit cube faces visible from all sides.

    Surface areas are units and units.
    The ratio is . It is the square of the linear scale factor.

  3. Now calculate the volume of each solid. How are the volumes related? Compare this to the linear scale factor and record your observations.

    The volumes can be found by counting the number of unit cubes in each solid or by finding the volume of the two rectangular prisms which make up each solid.

    The volumes are units and units.
    The ratio is .