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7-48.

The probability of getting a purple gumball is the number or purple gumballs divided by the total number of gumballs.

The probability of getting either a purple or a green gumball is the sum of the probability of getting a purple gumball and the probability of getting a green gumball.

What is the probability of getting a green gumball?

Since you can either get a green gumball or not get a green gumball, the probability of not getting a green gumball is 1 (or 100%) minus the probability of getting a green gumball.

What is the probability of getting a purple gumball?
A white gumball?

See (b).