For each of the following pairs of events, predict which is more likely to happen and explain your reasoning.
Event 1: You will win more than
in a lottery sometime in your life.
Event 2: You will learn to speak a language that you do not already know.
How many people do you know that have won the lottery? How many people do you know that speak multiple languages?
Event 2 is more likely because few people are lottery winners while many people learn foreign languages.
Event 1: Your classmates will all wear the same kind of shoes on the same day.
Event 2: Your classmates will all eat the same thing for lunch on the same day.
Think about the first part of the problem. Do you shop with all of your classmates?