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A box with the front, top, and right sides visible, labeled as follows: front left edge, 4 cm, front bottom edge, 12 cm, right bottom edge, 3 cm.Use the rectangular prism shown at right to complete parts (a) through (d) below.  

  1. Calculate the surface area of the prism. Show all of your subproblems.

    To find the surface area, find the area of each face of the prism.

    There are faces in a rectangular prism.
    Each of the three different faces shown in the image have an opposite face, so find the area of each of those faces and multiply it by .

    The same box, with front shaded blue, top shaded red, and right side shaded green. Expression: 2 times, 4 cm, shaded blue, times, 12 cm, shaded blue, + 2 times, 4 cm, shaded green, times, 3 cm, shaded green, + 2 times, 12 cm, shaded red, times, 3 cm, shaded red.

  2. Explain why the exponent for area units is (that is, cm).

    How many terms do you multiply together to find area?

    To find area, you multiply two dimensions.
    Just as .

  3. Calculate the volume of the prism.

    To find the volume of a rectangular prism, multiply the base, height, and width together.

    The same box and labeling, but the front side is shaded gray, and the front bottom edge, the front side edge, and bottom right side edge, are all highlighted in orange.

  4. Explain why the exponent for volume units is a (that is, ).

    See part (b).